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Water Softener

Water Softening Plant

Water Softening systems are used to reduce the hardness from water and avoid hardness related problems due to water use.

Water Hardness

The hardness of a water supply is determined by the content of calcium and magnesium compounds, which exists to some degree in all natural waters. The hardness in well water is usually higher than that of surface water. Calcium and magnesium can combine with bicarbonates, sulfates, chlorides, and nitrates to precipitate as solids mineral salts make water more basic and corrosion aggressive on many materials.

Hard water is responsible for the formation of lime scaling in pipes,, utensils, water heaters, boilers, HVAC systems, etc., causing inefficiency and sometimes permanent damage. Scale acts as an insulation material, thus lowering heat transmission and often causing premature heater failure due to overheating of the metal.

In other household and commercial applications, hardness also increases soap consumption wasting from 50% to 90% of the soap used, depending on the amount of hardness. It also causes the formation of soap curd, which adhere to cloth fibers, hair, glassware and dishes. Soap curd causes poor results in laundering and may hold pathogenic bacteria.

The presence of salts in lime scale deposits is one of the most common cause of corrosion, which cause damages in water pipelines and boilers. Any descriptive or numerical classification of hardness of water is rather arbitrary. A water that is termed hard in some areas may be considered soft in other areas.

The U.S. Geological Survey uses the following classification:

Soft : less than 60 ppm (as calcium carbonate)
Moderately hard : 60-120 ppm
Hard: 120-180 ppm
Very hard : above 180 ppm

Measurement of water hardness by either conductivity or dissolved solids meters must be performed before any softening treatments. During the water softening processes, carbonates are substituted by sodium, which does not alter the total concentration of dissolved solids.

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Process Theory

Initially, strong acid cation resin in the sodium (Na + ) from is placed into service. During the sodium cation exchange water softening process, sodium ions are exchanged for undesirable quantities of calcium (Ca + 2), magnesium (Mg + 2), and iron (Fe + 2). Sodium ions already present in the water being softened pass through the process unchanged. Upon exhaustion of the resin (as indicated by unacceptable hardness leakage), a regeneration sequence involving sodium chloride (NaCI) is utilized, The regeneration sequence reverses the above process and converts the strong acid cation resin back to the sodium from for the subsequent water softening cycle.

Capabilities range from 20,000 to 30,000 grains per cubic foot depending upon the total dissolved solids content of the water, the effluent water quality desired and the amount of sodium chloride regenerant used. It should be noted that although the water is softened, the total dissolved solids content remains unchanged. Further, the effluent contains the same amount of anion as the raw water.


The following facilities are example of ideal applications for water softening equipment:

    Car Washes
    Nursing homes
    Office Complexes
    RO Pre-treatment
    HVAC Systems
    Re-circulation Systems

All of the above will experience reduced energy consumption and costly plumbing repairs. The installation of Water 2000, Inc's water treatment system Shoef Soft Water Softners will quickly begin paying for itself. Water heaters and boiler will last longer. Costly special chemicals for boilers and steam handling equipment can be greatly reduced. The service ;life of linens, clothing, fixtures and appliances is noticeably extended.

Without exception, every project which employs the distribution heating and use of water should include a survey of the on site water conditions. Water 2000, Inc's professional staff of trained technicians provides and evaluates this survey to make the appropriate recommendation for all types of applications.


Shoef Soft Industrial Water Softeners and Condensate Polishers >>

Triple Softener with Optional Stainless Steel Face Piping

Water 2000, Inc is a leading manufacturer of Shoef Soft industrial water softeners, including various standard and customized systems. The range of systems include top mount fiberglass units for commercial and light industrial applications, Shoef-Soft pre-engineered steel tank valve nest systems for large industrial and municipal applications, non-conventional packed bed systems for critical industrial customers and condensate polishers for industrial boiler water. These systems are available for flow rates from ½ gpm to 925 gpm and higher using multiple units.

Economical and efficient, Water 2000, Inc Shoef-Soft Water Softning Systmems can be equipped to operate manually, semi or fully-automatically. Regardless of the set up, only limited technical expertise is required for operation.

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 Why use Shoef Soft Industrial Water Softener?

Calcium and magnesium are hard scale forming minerals that build up on piping, heat exchangers, water heaters, boilers and any steam related equipment. This buildup results in costly repairs, increased energy consumption, plugged heat exchangers and boiler tubes. The service life of linens, clothing, appliances and fixtures is greatly reduced due to these "hard" minerals.

Avoid Clogged Pipes with Water Softeners

For laundry and dishwashing, the use of a Shoef Soft water softener will significantly reduce the amount of soaps and detergents, resulting in reduced operating expenses.

Applications for Shoef Soft Industrial Water Softeners

The following facilities are examples of ideal applications for Shoef Soft water softening equipment:

    Car Washes
    Boiler Feedwater
    Manufacturing Plants
    Office Complexes
    Food Processing Plants

Water 2000, Inc's Industrial Water Softeners

Water 2000, Inc offers two (2) basic types of industrial water softener systems:

Shoef-Soft Softeners – Metal pre-engineered diaphragm valve nest units (GE Osmonics –Aquamatic valves with stager) designed for a variety of applications, ideal for single unit flow rates up to 900 gpm and virtually unlimited flow rates with multiple units.
Shoef-Soft Softeners Fiberglass Tank, Water Softeners, including:

  TBRA-Series – Top/side mounted automatic multiport valve (Fleck or Autotrol), single, dual or triplex units, time clock systems for industrial, commercial and light residential applications.
•  DBRA-Series – Top/side mounted automatic multiport valve (Fleck or Autotrol), single, dual or triple tank, meter demand systems for industrial, commercial and light residential applications.
•  MRS-Series - single vessel, dual, triplex units with manual multiport valves, ball/gate valve nest for any industrial, commercial applications

Critical Selection parameter for Water Softeners

Water Quality Report (Especially Hardness and TDS) Water Requirements (Hourly, daily)

Water Requirements ( Normal , peak) Water Storage capacity (Pre-, Post)

Single/Dual/ Triple Tank System Manual / Automatic Regeneration

Feed Water Pressure Available Construction Material of Media Tanks

Service period required (Soft water output between two consecutive regeneration)

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Shoef Soft 's Sodium Cycle Condensate Polishers

Water 2000, Inc's Condensate Polishers are high quality industrial systems. They are available in a wide range of self-contained packages configured in single, double and triple unit arrangements. Standard features are as follows:

  •     All Stainless Steel Wetted Parts
  •     Flow Rates up to 710 gpm for single units
  •     ASME Code Stainless Steel Vessel Designed for 100 psig
  •     Factory Assembled Stainless Steel Butterfly Valve Nest
  •     Stainless Steel Hub and Lateral Underdrain
  •     Differential Pressure Switch
  •     Flow Sensor
  •     NEMA 4XFG Electrical Enclosure
  •     Outlet Water Sample Valve
  •     Automatic Backwash Flow Controller
  •     Separate Cold Water Connection for Regeneration Cycles
  •     High capacity, High Crosslinked Macroporous Cation Resin
  •     Raw Water Bypass Piping

Factory, pre-assembled valve nest on each tank

Why treat Condensate?

Condensate systems always leak. Heat exchangers are where most of the

leakage problems start. This is where untreated cooling water can contaminate the process water causing corrosion. Every system must have a method to handle this leakage. When a condensate system is not properly controlled or simply ignored, corrosion takes place. Iron, copper, and other harmful contaminants are washed back into the boiler systems.
    Reduce Energy Waste using Condensate Polishers

This wastes energy because these contaminants reduce heat transfer. A simple solution is to blow down the boiler to improve water quality, but this wastes heat and requires more makeup water.

The cost effective solution is to "polish" your contaminated condensate for reuse. As more condensate is reused, less make up water is required, reducing both chemical consumption and energy requirements.

Let Water 2000, Inc work up the energy savings available by polishing your dirty condensate. The payback is both swift and dramatic.

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Features of Water 2000, Inc's Shoef-Soft Industrial Water Softeners

Water 2000, Inc's Shoef-Soft softeners are high quality industrial systems. They are available in a wide range of self-contained packages configured in single, double and triple unit arrangements. Standard features are as follows:

  •     Factory, pre-assembled valve nest on each tank
  •     High capacity 8% cross-linked virgin softening resin
  •     Pressure tanks are designed for 100 psig working pressure, have FDA approved epoxy lining, are primed and finish painted; except for galvanized, SS and Fiberglass
  •     External piping is black steel with MI fittings
  •     Internal piping is Schedule 80 PVC with a hub/lateral underdrain system, non-clogging and designed for even distribution of flow
  •     Standard control is a 7 day time clock housed in a NEMA 1 enclosure
  •     All systems include inlet and outlet pressure gauges and outlet softwater sample valves
  •     Automatic backwash flow controllers insuring proper backwash regardless of inlet water pressure
  •     An automatic brine float valve controls brine draw and regulates fresh water refill to positive shutoff

Custom or Standard Industrial Water Softeners

Water 2000, Inc's industrial water softener systems offer a wide variety of optional features to meet our customers' requirements. With our engineering expertise and advanced CAD capabilities, modifications can be made to drawings quickly, minimizing delays and insuring that on-time deliveries can be met.

One example of a custom industrial water softener is a Packed Bed System. These softener systems use upflow regeneration for critical, low hardness requirements. Click Here to Contact Water 2000, Inc for further information on Packed Bed Softeners.

Water 2000, Inc water softeners are fully assembled at our Lahore Fabrication Shop.

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